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March 2022

Tuesday, 29 March 2022 00:00

What Are Flat Feet?

One has flat feet when one or both feet have fallen arches. Flat feet are common in babies and young children as part of normal growth and development of the foot and often do not cause symptoms. Flat feet in adults can have numerous causes, including weak or torn tendons, deformities from rheumatoid arthritis, broken bones in the middle of the foot, and injuries to ligaments. As one becomes older and more active, pain from flat feet can be felt in the heels or arches of the feet or even in the knees, hips, and lower back after prolonged standing, walking, or activity. Those with weight problems, diabetes or who are pregnant are more apt to feel discomfort from flat feet. If any kind of ongoing pain develops in the feet or ankles, visiting a podiatrist can help diagnose and treat the problem. If flat feet are suspected, the podiatrist may recommend lifestyle changes, rest, stretching exercises, physical therapy, more supportive shoes, arch supports, and over-the-counter pain medications.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact one of our podiatrists from North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 22 March 2022 00:00

What Is a Hammertoe?

A hammertoe is when a toe joint (usually the second or middle toe joint) points up instead of lying flat and causes the toe to look like a hammer. This condition can be painful and can lead to difficulty walking. The affected joint often gets rigid, the joint stiffens, sometimes to non-movement. Sometimes a corn or callus may develop on the joint and can cause pain and swelling on the top of the bent toe. This affliction can be caused by weak foot or leg muscles which lead to the tendon pulling up the toe in an abnormal position. Hammertoes are more apt to happen to those who wear high heels or shoes that do not properly support the feet. However, foot type at birth, those with neuromuscular disease, and trauma may predispose one to develop this joint deformity as well. If you think you have symptoms of a hammertoe, it is recommended that you see a qualified podiatrist as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment.

 

Hammertoe

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.

Symptoms

  • Pain in the affected toes
  • Development of corns or calluses due to friction
  • Inflammation
  • Redness
  • Contracture of the toes

Causes

Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible

Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur

Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe

Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe

Treatment

Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it

Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used

Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option

If you have any questions please contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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The tarsal navicular bone helps connect the ankle to other bones that are lower in the foot. This bone gets its nautical sounding name because it has a shape that is like a small boat. The navicular bone helps form and stabilize the arch and helps us walk efficiently. Kohler’s Disease is a rare bone disorder in which the navicular bone experiences a loss of blood supply and density, causing the bone to weaken and be susceptible to compression from other bones in the foot. This can affect some children typically aged 3-7, and it most commonly occurs in boys. The symptoms a child may experience with Kohler’s Disease include pain, tenderness, swelling, and redness in the middle of the foot. While this disorder may sound scary, the prognosis is usually good: Kohler’s Disease generally corrects itself as the child matures. Until that time, the child may compensate for the discomfort they are feeling by walking on the outside of the affected foot. If you see your child walking like this or even limping, it is wise to take them to a podiatrist for an examination and diagnosis. If their findings indicate that your child has Kohler’s Disease, the podiatrist can help treat the disorder and provide relief through techniques such as casting, anti-inflammatory medications, custom orthotics and special supportive footwear.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact one of our podiatrists of North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 08 March 2022 00:00

Corns Can Be In Two Places on the Foot

Pain can often accompany a corn on the foot. A hard corn is defined as a small, toughened area that develops on top of the toes. It generally forms due to wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. The shoes may be too tight, and this can cause friction as the toes rub against the top of the shoes. A soft corn forms between the toes and is generally moist a majority of the time. Mild relief may be found when a protective covering is worn on top of the corn, or in between the toes. This can help to cushion and protect the corn as daily activities are completed. It is suggested to refrain from wearing high heels with an existing corn, in addition to limiting the amount of walking. If you have developed a corn, please speak to a podiatrist who can recommend proper removal techniques.

If you have any concerns regarding your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists of North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? and How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns can be described as areas of the skin that have thickened to the point of becoming painful or irritating. They are often layers and layers of the skin that have become dry and rough, and are normally smaller than calluses.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as wearing:

  • Well-fitting socks
  • Comfortable shoes that are not tight around your foot
  • Shoes that offer support

Treating Corns
Treatment of corns involves removing the dead skin that has built up in the specific area of the foot. Consult with Our doctors to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the otherwise healthy cells that make up the linings of joints. Because each foot contains 33 joints, the feet, as well as the ankles, are often affected. RA can make other foot and ankle conditions more likely to occur. One such condition is tarsal tunnel syndrome, in which the posterior tibial nerve is compressed or damaged, causing burning pain, numbness, and tingling in the affected foot. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is frequently seen in people with RA. If you have RA, it is suggested that you be under the care of a podiatrist who can monitor the health of your feet and treat any problems as they arise.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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