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June 2021

Your baby’s early foot development is important to their future health. You can help put them on the path to healthy feet as an adult with proper care now. Check their feet regularly for anything abnormal. To avoid ingrown toenails, trim toenails straight across—not rounded or too close to the skin. Give your toddler’s toes enough space to move and grow by keeping socks, footed pajamas and booties roomy. Let your baby go barefoot (supervised) during the day to exercise and strengthen their foot and toe muscles. Later, as they are learning to walk, being barefoot will help them grip the floor and figure out balance. Their first pair of shoes for outside walking should be flexible, lightweight, and fitted by a professional. If you notice anything unusual about your child’s feet, or are concerned about their development, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an examination.

The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact one of our podiatrists of North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

  • Make sure their shoes fit properly
  • Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
  • Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
  • Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
  • Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
  • Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
  • Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Diabetes can lead to a variety of complications in the feet, including amputation. This is because diabetics tend to lose sensation in their feet which makes it difficult to notice any problems. Diabetes also leads to poor blood flow in the feet which can lead to numbness and slow the time it takes for wounds to heal. Because of this, it is important for diabetics to create a foot care routine with their podiatrist. This daily routine usually involves checking the feet for wounds or sores, washing the feet, keeping the skin soft and smooth, and protecting the feet with properly fitting footwear. Regular check ups with a podiatrist are also important. A podiatrist will be able to create a customized foot care plan, help provide suggestions on safely treating wounds, and help to provide shoes specifically for diabetics.

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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The largest tendon in the body, known as the Achilles tendon, is located in the calf, and it connects the heel to the calf muscles. There are several ways to incur an Achilles tendon injury, including adjusting the exercise intensity level, changes in footwear, or if the calf muscles are weak. Additionally, an abnormal foot structure consisting of pronation or unstable ankles may lead to developing an Achilles tendon injury. Women who frequently wear high heels may experience a shortened Achilles tendon, and this may contribute to developing this type of injury. Mild relief may be found when the affected foot is elevated, and custom made insoles are worn for necessary support. If you have suffered an Achilles tendon injury, it is strongly suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can determine what the best course of treatment is for you.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries

Arthritis is a degenerative condition that causes pain and inflammation in the joints which can worsen over time. Osteoarthritis is a result of damage to cartilage which leads to bone on bone grinding, whereas rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic condition where the immune system malfunctions and attacks healthy joint tissue. To try and help alleviate the symptoms of arthritis, eat a healthy diet rich in antioxidants which can help reduce inflammation and keep your weight down (which can help avoid putting additional pressure on joints). Low-impact exercise can help to not only maintain a healthy weight, but also keeps joints flexible and strengthens the muscles that support them. Alternate between cold treatments (i.e., applying ice) to reduce joint swelling, and hot treatments (i.e., leisurely warm showers, moist heating pads) to ease stiffness in joints. Acupuncture, meditation, massage, and relaxation techniques may also help you deal with pain more easily. Don’t ignore possible signs of arthritis in your feet including hammertoes, stiffness, pain, or a callus on the inside of the big toe, swollen toes, heel pain, and shoes that suddenly become uncomfortable. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a full examination and evaluation

Arthritis can be a difficult condition to live with. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Arthritic Foot Care  

Arthritis is a term that is commonly used to describe joint pain.  The condition itself can occur to anyone of any age, race, or gender, and there are over 100 types of it.  Nevertheless, arthritis is more commonly found in women compared to men, and it is also more prevalent in those who are overweight. The causes of arthritis vary depending on which type of arthritis you have. Osteoarthritis for example, is often caused by injury, while rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a misdirected immune system.

Symptoms

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased Range of Motion

Arthritic symptoms range in severity, and they may come and go. Some symptoms stay the same for several years but could potentially get worse with time. Severe cases of arthritis can prevent its sufferers from performing daily activities and make walking difficult.

Risk Factors

  • Occupation – Occupations requiring repetitive knee movements have been linked to osteoarthritis
  • Obesity – Excess weight can contribute to osteoarthritis development
  • Infection – Microbial agents can infect the joints and trigger arthritis
  • Joint Injuries – Damage to joints may lead to osteoarthritis
  • Age – Risk increases with age
  • Gender –Most types are more common in women
  • Genetics – Arthritis can be hereditary

If you suspect your arthritis is affecting your feet, it is crucial that you see a podiatrist immediately. Your doctor will be able to address your specific case and help you decide which treatment method is best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 01 June 2021 00:00

How Do Plantar Warts Form?

Verrucae, also known as plantar warts, grow on the sole of the foot because of the human papillomavirus (HPV). This HPV virus that is usually the cause of plantar warts is contagious and thrives in warm moist environments such as swimming pools, changing room floors or community shower areas. Plantar warts will appear as a small growth with a tiny black dot in the center, and they can be painful when pinching the spot. These warts can grow up to a centimeter in diameter and may form into a cluster of multiple warts. Verrucae can be very painful, particularly when applying pressure on the foot. Patients who are struggling with a painful plantar wart should consult with a podiatrist to determine potential treatment and removal options.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from North Bay Ankle & Foot Center. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Petaluma and Sonoma, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Warts
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